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1: Eur J Cancer Prev 2001 Apr;10(2):153-6 Organochlorine pesticides in carcinoma of the gallbladder: a case-control study. Shukla VK, Rastogi AN, Adukia TK, Raizada RB, Reddy DC, Singh S. Department of Surgery, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India. Diese E-Mail-Adresse ist vor Spambots geschützt! Zur Anzeige muss JavaScript eingeschaltet sein! Carcinoma of the gallbladder is the third most common malignancy of the gastrointestinal tract in the Eastern Uttar Pradesh and Western Bihar regions of India. The main source of drinking water in this region is the river Ganges, which is heavily polluted with agricultural pesticides. Organochlorine pesticides were estimated in bile by gas liquid chromatography in 60 patients (30 carcinoma of the gallbladder and 30 cholelithiasis) to observe its association with aetiopathogenesis of carcinoma of the gallbladder. The mean biliary concentration of benzene hexachloride (BHC) was found to be significantly higher in carcinoma of the gallbladder (0.0471 ppm) than in cholelithiasis (0.0352 ppm) (P t 0.04). The mean biliary concentration of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) was also significantly higher in carcinoma of the gallbladder (0.418 ppm) than in cholelithiasis (0.0103 ppm) (P < 0.03). Biliary aldrin and endosulfan concentrations were higher in carcinoma of the gallbladder (0.0008 and 0.00132 ppm) than in cholelithiasis (0.0005 and 0.0126 ppm) but the difference was statistically not significant (P < 0.06 and P < 0.9). The levels of pesticides in blood did not show significant differences in either carcinoma of the gallbladder or cholelithiasis. Significantly high biliary BHC and DDT concentrations suggest that these pesticides might be associated with gallbladder carcinogenesi. PMID: 11330456 [PubMed - in process] 1: Hum Reprod 2001 May;16(5):1020-1026 Sexual precocity after immigration from developing countries to Belgium: evidence of previous exposure to organochlorine pesticides. Krstevska-Konstantinova M, Charlier C, Craen M, Du Caju M, Heinrichs C, de Beaufort C, Plomteux G, Bourguignon JP. Division of Ambulatory Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics and Laboratory of Toxicology, University of Liege, C.H.U. Sart Tilman, Liege, Belgium and Departments of Pediatrics, Universities of Ghent, Antwerp, Brussels and Centre Hospitalier de Luxembourg, in collaboration with the Belgian Study Group for Pediatric Endocrinology. In a retrospective auxological study of 145 patients seen in Belgium during a 9-year period for treatment of precocious puberty, 28% appeared to be foreign children (39 girls, one boy) who immigrated 4 to 5 years earlier from 22 developing countries, without any link to a particular ethnic or country background. The patients were either adopted (n = 28) or non-adopted (n = 12), the latter having normal weight and height at immigration and starting early puberty without evidence of earlier deprivation. This led to the hypothesis that the mechanism of precocious puberty might involve previous exposure to oestrogenic endocrine disrupters. A toxicological plasma screening for eight pesticides detected p,p'-DDE, which is derived from the organochlorine pesticide DDT. Median p,p'-DDE concentrations were respectively 1.20 and 1.04 ng/ml in foreign adopted (n = 15) and non-adopted (n = 11) girls with precocious puberty, while 13 out of 15 Belgian native girls with idiopathic or organic precocious puberty showed undetectable concentrations (<0.1 ng/ml). A possible relationship between transient exposure to endocrine disrupters and sexual precocity is suggested, and deserves further studies in immigrant children with non-advanced puberty. PMID: 11331654 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]